Yangon Airport is located 15
km (approx. 30 minutes) to the North of the centre of
Yangon. The international airport tax of US$ / FEC 10 is
payable locally on departure. Domestic departure tax is
included in airfare.
All visitors are required to
have a Myanmar Visa and to complete an arrival/departure
card, which is usually distributed during their flight
into Yangon. The completed card should be submitted with
passport to the immigration officials on arrival at
Yangon airport. The departure portion will be torn off
and returned to the visitor - it should be retained for
presentation upon departure.
CLIMATE & WEATHER
Myanmar has three seasons.
*Cool Season - October through February with average
temperatures 20-24 C *Hot Season - March through May
with average temperatures 30-35 C *Wet Season - June
through September with average temperatures 25-30 C. The
ideal time to visit Myanmar is during the cool season.
However, even during the wet season, Yangon normally
receives morning and afternoon showers while rainfall in
Bagan and Mandalay is very low. The weather around Inle
Lake and in Shan State is quite pleasant all year round
but cold at night from December to February.
Credit Cards are only
accepted at a few hotels, airlines and some
international shops and restaurants. We suggest you to
bring a sufficient amount of cash (clean US$ notes) for
personal expenses. The exchange of traveler cheques is
also very difficult and time consuming. Banks are closed
on Saturdays, Sundays and all public holidays.
We recommend visitors to
bring clean US Dollars in cash only larger notes
receiving a better rate in exchange. Exchange of other
foreign currencies such as Euros, Yen and Pounds
Sterling maybe time consuming and difficult. Authorized
money changer throughout Myanmar will usually only
accept US Dollars.
DOMESTIC AIRLINES & FLIGHTS
There are now many domestic
airlines flying to various destinations around Myanmar.
To name a few they are Air Bagan, Golden Myanmar, Air
Kanbawza, Air Mandalay and Yangon Airways are all
privately operated airlines flying throughout Myanmar.
There is a 20 Kilo limit for baggage per person and
excess baggage fees may be charged. We suggest you leave
items not needed upcountry in Yangon and collect them
upon your return.
Only drink purified bottle
water. Bottled water is readily available and most
hotels provide complimentary. Carry a bottle with you
throughout the day.
DUTY FREE ALLOWANCE
Two bottles of liquor, two
cartons of cigarettes or 100 cigars and half liter of
perfume are allowed per person. Yangon Airport arrival
hall has a selection of duty free shops with a full
range of items at a good price.
Myanmar abounds with local
festivals. Most festivals have religious backgrounds and
dates are fixed according to the lunar calendar. Exact
dates for some festivals are often determined only a few
weeks before the event. NIKO Travels & Tours tries to
include local festivals in client itineraries whenever
GRATUITIES & TIPPING
Myanmar's are genuinely happy
to help foreign visitors and don't expect anything in
return, but if your guide or any other person during
your trip was especially kind or helpful a gratuity
would be a generous gesture and greatly appreciated.
No inoculations or
vaccinations are required unless coming from or passing
through an infected area. Clients should bring
sufficient medication with them if required and should
check for updated health recommendations before your
departure to Myanmar regarding hepatitis, malaria,
typhoid, etc. If carrying a lot of medicines, it is
advisable to have a doctor's letter stating that
medicines are required for personal use.
IMMIGRATION & CUSTOMS FORMALITIES
Your valuables (jewelry,
cameras, electronic equipment, etc.) should be declared
on your customs declaration form upon arrival. Receipt
of purchase and an export permit voucher for locally
bought goods such as gems and jewelry may be required
We recommend all clients to
obtain the necessary personal baggage, medical and
accident insurance before arrival. SOS Worldwide has a
local representative office in Yangon with a 24 hour on
call service for emergency evacuation and medical
Myanmar has its own cell
phone network and cell phones from other countries do
not have access. The Myanmar SIM cards are different
from the 'normal' SIM cards which are used all over the
world. Tourists can buy a Myanmar SIM cards (GSM/CDMA)
but sometimes these can only be used with a specific
Throughout most Asian
countries including Myanmar MSG (Monosodium Glutamate) -
known locally as 'AJINOMOTO' - is still used in food
preparation in some restaurants. Some travelers who may
experience swollen feet, hands or headaches will more
than likely have had a good amount of MSG in the food.
It is always best to inform your guide when ordering if
you do not wish it to be added to your food.
POWER & ELECTRICITY
Our recommended hotels in
Yangon, Mandalay and Bagan offer 24 hour power (with a
generator if needed). In other more isolated areas like
Kyaingtong, the Shan Hills, Kalaw, Pindaya, Taunggyi,
Nyaung Shwe and Inle Lake - generated power may not
always be available. Most hotel rooms have screens and
The majority of the people of
Myanmar are Buddhist although Christianity, Islam and
Hinduism are also practiced.
Telephones & fax facilities
are available in most hotels in Yangon and Mandalay but
charges are quite expensive. Wifi Network is now
available at many hotels and local businesses in Yangon
PASSPORT AND VISAS
Travelers are required to
obtain a visa in their home country prior to entering
Myanmar. Specific advice on up-to-date requirements
should be obtained from the consulate offices in your
country. For general guidance, please note the
Passport must have at least 6 months
remaining validity at time of travel. Foreigners must
always carry their passport whilst travelling.
processing time is between 5 and 10 working days at most
Myanmar Consulates or Embassies.
Tourist visas are
valid for 28 days.
Some Embassies require a 'confirmation letter' which
NIKO Travels & Tours can provide.
In order to issue a visa,
some Myanmar Embassies require a "confirmation letter"
to confirm that visa applicants have pre-booked and
pre-paid their travel arrangements in Myanmar. Please
let us know where you intend to obtain the visa and
provide us with your exact names (as per passports),
nationalities and passport numbers. We will then fax or
email our "confirmation letter" to you, enabling you to
obtain your visa.
PRE-ARRANGEMENT FOR VISA ON ARRIVAL
If you do not have Myanmar
Embassy at your home country or you are not able to
apply Myanmar visa in advance, you can obtain a
pre-arranged visa on arrival at the Yangon and Mandalay
International airports on your arrival. We need below
information and at least one month prior to arrival:
Full Name as mentioned in the passport
Tourist visas are valid for 28 days.
Date Of Birth
Place Of Birth
Purpose of visiting Myanmar
Date Of Arrival
A Digital Photo (a scan of your passport picture is
We apply for the 'Visa upon Arrival' from the Ministry
of Hotel and Tourism department and once approved, send
you the approval letter to get 'Visa on Arrival' issued.
You will have to show this to the airline at the
check-in, otherwise they will refuse you on board. You
have to bring two passport photos and pay USD 30.-- per
person for the visa fees on arrival.
WHAT TO BRING
Bring sun hat, sun glasses,
sun protection for your face and body, prescription
medicines, insect repellent and an umbrella April to
October (rain or shine). An antibiotic cream for minor
cuts and scratches, extra pair of prescription glasses,
a small flashlight, extra passport photos, decaffeinated
coffee (if you require).
WHAT TO WEAR
Shorts, short skirts or
revealing clothing are not appropriate especially when
visiting temples or any religious site. Myanmar is a
conservative Buddhist culture and improper dress can be
offensive. Please dress with respect for the local
culture. Lightweight, easy to care clothes of cotton and
cool fabrics are ideal all year round. A winter sweater
or jacket and socks may be needed in the cool season
when visiting up country especially around Inle Lake and
Kalaw when the weather can drop to near freezing during
the night. Wear sensible walking shoes which can be
easily removed when required. Sandals, thongs or
flip-flops (available locally) are very convenient
DOS & DONTS
Take off the shoes before you enter
the enclosure of the pagoda.
Remove the shoes
before you enter the house.
If you wish to donate
the money to the monk, you can give the (Kappiya) who
serve the monk and can receive the money on behalf of
Respect the people who paid homage the
Buddha at the pagoda.
Kiss in a public place and also near
the environment of a pagoda.
Topless at swimming pools at hotels and at the
Wearing of shorts for women and men during the trip
especially when you visit the pagoda.
Walk on the shade of the monks.
Touch the monks.
Touch the head of an adult.
Sitting higher than the statue of Buddha and monks.
Shouting at the pagoda and environment of the pagoda
Wearing socks and shoes in the pagoda.
Give an offer the food to a monk after twelve noon
Point out with your leg for showing something.